Zechariah 9:9

The Shepherd's Page


Chronology of the Kings of Israel and Judah

I believe out of all the studies I've done, this has been the most frustrating, yet one of great joy in learning more of the great details that the Lord has put into His word that will give us just enough information to answer a question. My goal in this study was to create a chronology of time and having done that from Creation to Solomon and from Jesus to now, I had a problem with the kings of Israel and Judah. Reading the surface of the text one only comes out with a feeling of great biblical contradictions. Not believing that, I set out to do a study of the Kings.

This is a result of the study. I believe it to be accurate, but one must understand that every word in Scripture is pure and accurate. Which means that there are times when there will be more than one king on the throne. Sometimes the accession year of a king is counted and other times it isn't. Why this is so I believe depends on the scribe penning the word of God. What I mean is that the Egyptians counted accession years as year 1, yet the Syrians, Assyrians and the Babylonians didn't. Even within Israel and Judah there is a mix of usage. The only way to figure out the actual chronology is to make it a database. Put everyone in the years they belong in, the length of their reigns and any other information that is made available to help pin down their placement. I've gone through Scripture four times to create this database. I have a stack of printouts from various web sites, encyclopedias over two inches high!

I cannot stress the importance of keeping in mind the words of Scripture as being paramount in accuracy. I say this because if you ever decide to compare my study with one of your own, or someone else's, you'll come across tons of secular contradictions for one reason or another. Most of these contradictions stem from the fact that the "experts" are using men that made their chronology charts 400 years after most of these events. Out of 16 chronologists from 400 BC to 100 AD not one agrees with another. Yes, there are 1000s of stone tablets pointing to a specific year with astrological events, such as eclipses, yet none of them harmoniously encompass all data. After two years of this study, I chose to stick with Scripture as to the years of things.

One of the first things you may question me on is the year Cyrus captured Babylon. I place it in the year 538 BC instead of 539 BC because scripture says in Zachariah that the 2nd year of Darius was the 70th year since the temple was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar. If the encyclopedias' length of reigns of the kings of Babylon are correct, you have 69 years instead of 70 (even if you count the current year as year one.) I'll stick with Scripture until a new archaeological dig confirms the Bible - again.

I have no dogmatic agenda here and the English years presented are not to me important, but the length of the years from Solomon to the death of Christ, which fit the years presented. I welcome suggestions if they are based on Scripture, logical rendering of scripture, and do not contradict other scriptures by "adjusting" a year of a king or event. For instance, counting or not counting an accession year changes the dates of other kings there by throwing off other scripture reference. See the example below.

I hope this will help to answer some questions you may have. It has been a real learning experience for me and gave me great insight to the mind of God in dealing with man.

The Kings

** Years From the death of Solomon
Jewish Year
 
BC Year
 
** 1 Jeroboam reigned 22 years I Kings 14:20 2798 Rehoboam was 41 and reigned 17 years I Kings 14:21 963 BC These secular kings in this column have the year of accession added. The Jewish kings had no accession years added to their years, usually. This is very important to remember.
2 2 2799 2 962  
3 3 2800 3 961  
4 4 2801 4 960  
5 5 2802 5 959 King Shishak of Egypt came and took the treasures of the Temple I Kings 14:25
6 6 2803 6 958  
7 7 2804 7 957  
8 8 2805 8 956  
9 9 2806 9 955  
10 10 2807 10 954  
11 11 2808 11 953  
12 12 2809 12 952  
13 13 2810 13 951  
14 14 2811 14 950  
15 15 2812 15 949  
16 16 2813 16 948  
17 17 2814 17 ** 947  
18 18 I Kings 15:1 2815 **Abijam (Abijah) reigned 3 years II Chronicles 13:21 had 14 wives, 22 sons, 16 daughters 946 ** Reheboam must of died just before his end of the year for Ajijah to have started to reign in Jeroboam's 18th year or some event took place that's not recorded as to why it wasn't immediate in his 17th year.
19 19 II Chronicles 13:17 500,000 men died under a single battle with Abijah 2816 2 945  
20 20 I Kings 15:9 2817 3 Asa reigned 41 years 20th year of Jeroboam * 944 * The Jews didn't count accession years. No explanation for this count of the year, but if 2818 was the 2nd year of Asa then Nadab would have taken the throne while Jeroboam was still king. Something not impossible, but changing this affects other scripture references below.
21 21 2818 1 * 943  
22 22 Nadab (reigned 2 years) 2nd year of Asa 2819 2 I Kings 15:25 942  
23 2 Baasha killed Nadab & all the house of Jeroboam (reigned 24 years) 3rd year of Asa 2820 3 I Kings 15:28 , and I Kings 15:33 941 Jehu the prophet told Baasha he was evil and would end up like Jeroboam I Kings 16:1-7
24 2 2821 4 940  
25 3 2822 5 939  
26 4 2823 6 938  
27 5 2824 7 937  
28 6 2825 8 936  
29 7 2826 9 935  
30 8 2827 10 934  
31 9 2828 11 933  
32 10 2829 12 932  
33 11 2830 13 931  
34 12 2831 14 930  
35 13 2832 15 929  
36 14 2833 16 928  
37 15 2834 17 927  
38 16 2835 18 926  
39 17 2836 19 925  
40 18 2837 20 924  
41 19 2838 21 923  
42 20 2839 22 922  
43 21 2840 23 921  
44 22 2841 24 920  
45 23 2842 25 919  
46 24 Elah reigned 2 years 26th year of Asa 2843 26 I Kings 16:8 918  
47 2 Zimri (ruled 7 days and was killed) Omri ruled in 27th year of Asa (6 years in Tirzah) 2844 27 I Kings 16:15 917  
48 2 Tibni and Omri fought and Israel was split between them in a battle I Kings 16:21-23 2845 28 916  
49 3 2846 29 915  
50 4 2847 30 914  
51 5 Omri (ruler alone in Israel) reigned 12 years (6 in Tijah after taking it) Omri was worse than all before him 2848 31 I Kings 16:23 913  
52 6 2849 32 912  
53 7 2850 33 911  
54 8 2851 34 910  
55 9 2852 35 909  
56 10 2853 36 908  
57 11 2854 37 907  
58 12 Ahab reigned 22 years, worse even still than all before him and he rebuilt Jerico as prophecied according to Joshua 6:26 2855 38 I Kings 16:29 906  
59 2 2856 39 905  
60 3 2857 40 904  
61 4 I Kings 22:41-42 2858 41 Jehoshaphat 35 years old, ruled 25 years in 4th year of Ahab 903  
62 5 2859 1 902  
63 6 2860 2 901  
64 7 2861 3 900  
65 8 2862 4 899  
66 9 2863 5 898  
67 10 2864 6 897  
68 11 2865 7 896  
69 12 2866 8 895  
70 13 2867 9 894  
71 14 2868 10 893  
72 15 2869 11 892  
73 16 2870 12 891  
74 17 2871 13 890  
75 18 2872 14 889  
76 19 2873 15 888  
77 20 2874 16 887  
78 21 Ahaziah (in the 17th year of Jehoshaphat) ruled 2 years co-regent 2875 17 I Kings 22:51 886  
79 22 Jehoram (18th year of Jehoshaphat) son of Ahab ruled because Ahaziah had no sons. also called Joram 2876 18 II Kings 3:1 32 years old ruled 12 years 885  
80 2 2877 19 884  
81 3 2878 20 883  
82 4 2879 21 882  
83 5 II Chronicles 21:15-20 because his father was ill in his bowels until he died 2 years later 2880 22 Jehoram II Kings 8:16 co-reigned with his father 32 years old ruled 8 years in 5th year Joram 881  
84 6 2881 23 2 880  
85 7 2882 24 3 879  
86 8 2883 25 4 Jehoram a terrible king. Killed all his house but the Lord would not kill him without child for the promise God kept to David. He was the only king not buried in David's sepulchre. 878  
87 9 2884 5 877  
88 10 2885 6 876  
89 11 II Kings 9:29, 11th year of Joram and began to rule as co-regent 2886 7 Ahaziah ruled with his ill father 875 Son-in-law of Ahab's house and his mother was daughter of Omri.
90 12 II Kings 8:25-26 , Jehu II Chronicles 22:7-12 and ruled 28 years after killing Ahabs 70 sons II Kings 10:1 including Joram II Kings 9:21-27 and Ahaziah 2887 8 Ahaziah 12th year of Joram II Chronicles 21:18-19, 22 years old, ruled 1 year, died and Athaliah his mother ruled. * 874 * The only woman ruler of Judah, daughter of Omri King of Israel, killed everyone but one, She ruled 6 years and was killed. II Kings 11:1-3, II Chronicles 22:10-12
91 2 Because Jehu the prophet did kill them God promised his family would rule up to 4 generations, but he served Baal instead! 2888 2 873 NOTE: No matter the problems of years before this year, everything is reset here because Jehu killed both the King of Israel and Judah.
92 3 2889 3 872  
93 4 2890 4 871  
94 5 2891 5 870  
95 6 2892 6 869  
96 7 II Kings 12:1 2893 Joash (Jehoash) ruled in the 7th year after the death of Athaliah by Jehoiada II Kings 11:4 868 7 years old and ruled 40 years, 7th year of Jehu, II Kings 11:21, II Chronicles 24:1
97 8 2894 2 867  
98 9 2895 3 866  
99 10 2896 4 865  
100 11 2897 5 864  
101 12 2898 6 863  
102 13 2899 7 862  
103 14 2900 8 861  
104 15 2901 9 860  
105 16 2902 10 859  
106 17 2903 11 858  
107 18 2904 12 857  
108 19 2905 13 856  
109 20 2906 14 855  
110 21 2907 15 854  
111 22 2908 16 853  
112 23 2909 17 852  
113 24 2910 18 851  
114 25 2911 19 850  
115 26 2912 20 849  
116 27 2913 21 848  
117 28 2914 22 847  
118 Jehoahaz ruled 17 years in the 23rd year of Joash 2915 23 II Kings 13:1 846 Also the priests hadn't obeyed Jehoash's command to fix the breaches of the Temple by this time. II Kings 12:6
119 2 2916 24 845  
120 3 2917 25 844  
121 4 2918 26 843  
122 5 2919 27 842  
123 6 2920 28 841  
124 7 2921 29 840  
125 8 2922 30 839  
126 9 2923 31 838  
127 10 2924 32 837  
128 11 2925 33 836  
129 12 2926 34 835  
130 13 2927 35 834  
131 14 2928 36 833  
132 15 Jehoash (Joash) ruled 16 years in the 37th year of Joash II Kings 14:1 and was co-regent 2929 37 II Kings 13:10 832  
133 16 2 II Kings 14:1, II Chronicles 24:25, II Chronicles 25:1 2930 38 Amaziah 25 years old, ruled 29 years starting in the 2nd year of Jehoash 831 Joash was ill and Amaziah was co-regent
134 17 3 2931 39 2 830  
135 4 2932 40 3 829  
136 5 2933 4 828  
137 6 2934 5 827  
138 7 2935 6 826  
139 8 2936 7 825  
140 9 2937 8 824  
141 10 2938 9 823  
142 11 2939 10 822  
143 12 2940 11 821  
144 13 2941 12 820  
145 14 2942 13 819  
146 15 2943 14 818  
147 16 Jeroboam II, II Kings 14:23 in the 15th year of Amaziah and ruled 40 years 2944 15 II Kings 14:17, II Chronicles 25:25 817 Amaziah lived 15 years after the death of Jehoash (Joash)
148 2 2945 16 816  
149 3 2946 17 815  
150 4 2947 18 814  
151 5 2948 19 813  
152 6 2949 20 812  
153 7 2950 21 811  
154 8 2951 22 810  
155 9 2952 23 809  
156 10 2953 24 808  
157 11 2954 25 807  
158 12 2955 26 806  
159 13 2956 27 805  
160 14 2957 28 804  
161 15 2958 29 803  
162 16 II Kings 14:21 (27th year of co-regent but 16th of solo reign) I believe this instead of an interregnum for Israel because if Azariah was too younge as some claim, why didn't he start when he was 8 years old as Josiah did? The answer, Jeroboam was consort with his father. Also to put an interregnum in Israel would have made the interregnum for Judah after Jeroboam 22 years instead of 11, which is still an amazing length of time. The problem is that scripture doesn't provide the age of Zachariah when he took the throne. 2959 Azariah (Uzziah) being 16 years old, ruled 52 years 802 This is the twenty-seventh year of Jeroboam's partnership in the kingdom with his father, who made him consort at his going to the Syrian wars. It is the sixteenth year of Jeroboam's sole monarchy.
163 17 2960 2 801  
164 18 2961 3 800  
165 19 2962 4 799 Sometime in both kings reigns, Amos says there was an earthquake.
166 20 2963 5 798  
167 21 2964 6 797  
168 22 2965 7 796  
169 23 2966 8 795  
170 24 2967 9 794  
171 25 2968 10 793  
172 26 2969 11 792  
173 27 2970 12 791  
174 28 2971 13 790  
175 29 2972 14 789  
176 30 2973 15 788  
177 31 2974 16 787  
178 32 2975 17 786  
179 33 2976 18 785  
180 34 2977 19 784  
181 35 2978 20 783  
182 36 2979 21 782  
183 37 2980 22 781  
184 38 2981 23 780  
185 39 2982 24 779  
186 40 2983 25 778  
187 41 2984 26 777  
188   2985 27 776  
189   2986 28 775  
190   2987 29 774  
191   2988 30 773  
192   2989 31 772  
193 Interregnum of 11 years 2990 32 771  
194   2991 33 770  
195   2992 34 769  
196   2993 35 768  
197 Power struggle? No mention in scripture except II Kings 15:8-17 when 3 kings reigned over a period of 7 months. 2994 36 767  
198   2995 37 766  
199 Zachariah (reigned only 6 months) in the 38th year of Azariah 2996 38 II Kings 15:8 765 The father of Abi, who was the mother of Hezekiah (II Kings 18:2).
200 Shallum (reigned only 1 month) Menahem ruled 10 years starting in the 39th year of Azariah

Note
: Shallum (reigned only 1 month) Menahem ruled 10 years starting in the 39th year of Azariah, II Kings 15:13, II Kings 15:17

Note: This is a perfect example where the counting of one's reign must be explained. To say that Menahem reigned 10 years might mean that he reigned 9.5 years to 10.5 years in one convention or it might even mean that he reigned 10 to 10.9 years in another convention. Similary the 39th year of Azariah might mean that Azariah had been reigning for slightly more than 38 years to slightly less than 39.0 years – at least this is how we would normally interpret the English (the first year being from 0 to 1, etc) and perhaps this is also true of the Hebrew. Similarly the 50th year of Azariah might mean that he had been reigning between 49 and 50 years. Therefore we can say that: 38.9 + 10.5 = 49.4 which is the 50th year. This problem is unavoidable with digital/approximate information and this is perhaps compounded by the fact that the spreadsheet is digital – for example the events between different rows on the spreadsheet would normally be taken to be spaced 1 year apart but in some cases (such as when a son takes over from his father) the events may only be one day apart but they nevertheless will occur is separate rows.

Pul (or Tiglath-pileser?) king of Assyria lived during this time II Kings 15:19
2997 39 II Kings 15:13, II Kings 15:17 764 Pul (or Tiglath-pileser?) king of Assyria lived during this time II Kings 15:19
201 1 2998 40 763  
202 2 2999 41 762  
203 3 3000 42 761  
204 4 3001 43 760  
205 5 3002 44 759  
206 6 3003 45 758  
207 7 3004 46 757  
208 8 3005 47 756  
209 9 3006 48 755  
210 10 3007 49 754  
211 Pekahiah ruled 2 years in the 50th year of Azariah 3008 50 II Kings 15:23 753  
212 2 3009 51 752  
213 Peka ruled 20 year in the 52nd year of Azariah 3010 52 II Kings 15:27 751 II Kings 15:29 says Tiglathpileser king of Assyria came and took 7 cities and all Naphtali to Assyria - the start of the various exoduses.
214 2 II Kings 15:32-33 3011 Jotham, 2nd year of Peka, 25 years old, ruled 16 years 750  
215 3 3012 2 749  
216 4 3013 3 748  
217 5 3014 4 747  
218 6 3015 5 746  
219 7 3016 6 745  
220 8 3017 7 744  
221 9 3018 8 743  
222 10 3019 9 742  
223 11 3020 10 741  
224 12 3021 11 740  
225 13 3022 12 739  
226 14 3023 13 738  
227 15 3024 14 737  
228 16 3025 15 736  
229 17 II Kings 16:1 3026 16 Ahaz 20 years old, ruled 16 years, in 17th year of Peka II Kings 15:32 735 II Kings 16:1-9, Isaiah 7:1 says King Rezin of Syria and Peka attacked Ahaz but couldn't take him, but Ahaz asked Tiglath to attack and he did killing Rezin.
230 18 Peka killed 150,000 in one day and took 200,000 back to Samaria II Chronicles 28:6, Oded the prophet told him to send them home, he did. 3027 2 734 Isaiah foretells the destruction of Ephraim Isaiah 7:1 fulfilled 62 years later when Esarhaddon King of Assur put people in Israel instead of the Jews (Ezra 4:2. Josephus says this came 140 years before the destruction of the Temple, Book 11, Chap 1, para 2 (6 years off, but then Josephus is wrong about a lot of numbers - compare scripture account of the returning people from Babylon and his numbers.)
231 19 3028 3 733  
232 20 3029 4 732  
233 Hoshea plotted against Peka and killed him, but didn't have the support to reign just yet. 3030 5 II Kings 15:30 731 20th year of since Jotham's reign
234   3031 6 730  
235 Interregnum due to lack of support hence authority as king. This must be so because Peka ruled only 20 years and Hoshea killed him yet didn't (or couldn't) take the throne until Ahaz's 12th year. 3032 7 729  
236   3033 8 728  
237   3034 9 727  
238   3035 10 726  
239   3036 11 725  
240 Hoshea gained the support and reigned 12th year of Ahaz, ruled 9 years 3037 12 II Kings 17:1 724  
241 2 3038 13 723  
242 3 II Kings 18:1, must have been at the very end of his 3rd year 3039 14 Hezekiah co-regent ruled 29 years at 25 years old in the 3rd year of Hoshea 722 Hezekiah had the priests cleanse the house of the Lord the 1st of Nisan and they finished on the 16th having sanctified the Temple in his 1st year.
243 4 3040 15 1 * 721 * This year is counted as year 1 because of II Kings 18:10 which links Hezekiah's 6th with Hoshea's 9th and last year.
244 5 3041 16 2 720  
245 6 3042 3 719  
246 7 II Kings 17:1-6 Shalmaneser made Hoshea servant because he had conspired with the king of Egypt 3043 4 718 II Kings 18:9-16 says Shalmaneser king of Assyria besieged Sameria for 3 years in the 4th year of Hezekiah which was the 7th year of Hoshea
247 8 3044 5 717  
248 9 The last of Israel was all taken to Assyria. 3045 6 716 II Kings 18:10 And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken.
249 No more kings of Israel until Jesus came! 3046 7 715  
250   3047 8 714 When Hezekiah calls Israel to join Judah in Jerusalem for the Passover, they came, but the priests were not ready so they kept the Passover in the 2nd month instead of Nisan, II Chronicles 30 because there were too few priests, of the remnant of Israel they should come, II Chronicles 30:6, II Kings 15:29
251 Judah was in doom of that of Israel, but Hezekiah asked the king of Assyria how much not to destroy them. Then Hezekiah gave him all the silver of the house of the Lord and cut off the gold from the Temple doors or pay him. II Kings 18:13-16 3048 9 713  
252   3049 10 712  
253   3050 11 711 Tirhakah king of Ethiopia ruled during this time II Kings 19:9
254   3051 12 710  
255   3052 13 709  
256 Sennacherib came and took many cities of Judah in the 14th year of Hezekiah, II Kings 18:9-15, Isaiah 36:1 3053 14 708  
257 II Kings 19 and 20 have 3 very important issues: God did not wish the line of kings to continue but for Hezekiah's cry, He gave him 15 more years. This was also when the sun went back 10 degrees as a sign he'd be healed. 3054 15 * Sabbatical Year (II Kings 19:29) 707

* The King of Assyria told he'd destroy Jerusalem. Hezekiah ran to the Lord and Isaiah said God would defend Jerusalem for His sake, and killed 185,000 men of Assyria with an angel. II Kings 19:35-37, Isaiah 37:36-38, Sennacherib king of Assyria then left to go home and was murdered by his sons Adrammelech and Sharezer and they escaped to Armenia and Esarhaddon his son reigned. The army was destroyed 14 Nisan (During Passover)

It is at the end of the "sign" time that I believe that the angle of the Lord killed the 185,000 men of war on 14 Nisan, Passover of Hezekiah's 15th year.

The 15th year was the year of the sun going back 10 degrees and the year Hezekiah was healed by God of whatever fatal boil he had (cured by a fig paste), on the 13th of Nisan.

258   3055 16 Year of Jubilee (II Kings 19:29) 706 Encyclopaedia Britannica says 706 is the year in which for 9 months Marduk-Baladan ruled that mentioned the visitors from Babylon to Hezekiah and Isaiah's prophecy II Kings 20:16-19, Isaiah 39, Berodahbaladan son of Baladan king of Babylon heard Hezekiah was sick and sent him letters. Isaiah foretold Judah's future.
259 In the 17th year of Hezekiah, after being healed he had a son, Manasseh, the most evil king of all kings and God wanted to spare Judah this future mess. 3056 17 705  
260   3057 18 704  
261   3058 19 703  
262   3059 20 702  
263   3060 21 701  
264   3061 22 700  
265   3062 23 699  
266   3063 24 698  
267   3064 25 697  
268   3065 26 696  
269   3066 27 695  
270   3067 28 694  
271   3068 29 Manasseh, 12 years old, ruled 55 years, II Kings 21:1 693  
272   3069 2 692  
273   3070 3 691  
274   3071 4 690  
275   3072 5 689  
276   3073 6 688  
277   3074 7 687  
278   3075 8 686  
279   3076 9 685  
280   3077 10 684  
281   3078 11 683  
282   3079 12 682  
283   3080 13 681  
284   3081 14 680  
285   3082 15 679  
286   3083 16 678  
287   3084 17 677  
288   3085 18 676  
289   3086 19 675  
290   3087 20 674  
291   3088 21 673  
292   3089 22 672  
293   3090 23 671  
294   3091 24 670  
295   3092 25 669  
296   3093 26 668  
297   3094 27 667 Shamashshumukin king of Babylon (ruled 20 years) 667-648 BC
298   3095 28 666  
299   3096 29 665  
300   3097 30 664 Psammetichus I rules Egypt (664-610 BC) 54 years.
301   3098 31 663  
302   3099 32 662  
303   3100 33 661  
304   3101 34 660  
305   3102 35 659  
306   3103 36 658  
307   3104 37 657  
308   3105 38 656  
309   3106 39 655  
310   3107 40 654  
311   3108 41 653  
312   3109 42 652  
313   3110 43 651  
314   3111 44 650  
315   3112 45 649  
316   3113 46 648  
317   3114 47 647 Kandalanu king of Babylon (ruled 22 years) 647-626 BC
318   3115 48 646  
319   3116 49 645  
320   3117 50 644  
321   3118 51 643  
322   3119 52 642  
323   3120 53 641 Without details, at some time in Manasseh's life, he was taken prisoner to Babylon by the captain of the guard of the king of Assyria. Manasseh cried to the Lord, humbled himself and he was let go to return to Israel to continue as king. This so he would know Who was God. II Chronicles 33:8-13
324   3121 54 640  
325 II Kings 21:17-19 3122 55 Amon 22 years old and reigned 2 years 639 The date is shown that even a partial year is counted as a full year which explains how Amon ruled 2 years yet only 1 calendar year passed. The Jews didn't count accession years separately.
326 II Kings 21:23-26 3123 2 Josiah, 8 years old - ruled 31 years 638  
327   3124 2 637  
328   3125 3 636  
329   3126 4 635  
330   3127 5 634  
331   3128 6 633  
332   3129 7 632  
333   3130 8 631  
334   3131 9 630  
335   3132 10 629  
336   3133 11 628  
337   3134 12 627  
338   3135 13 626 Jeremiah 25:1-4 says that from this year he started warning of the coming danger from Babylon and prophesied the 70 years there. (Preached for 23 years)
339   3136 14 625 Nabopolassar (ruled 21 years) 625-605 BC defeated the Assyrians starting the Babylonian empire
340   3137 15 624  
341   3138 16 623  
342   3139 17 622  
343 II Kings 22:3; II Kings 23:22 3140 18 621 18 The Law of Moses was discovered and a great Passover was held unlike any since the judges.
344 II Kings 23:25-26 3141 19 620 A great revival, but still, the wrath of the Lord was against Judah for the sins of Manasseh!
345   3142 20 619  
346   3143 21 618  
347   3144 22 617  
348   3145 23 616  
349   3146 24 615  
350   3147 25 614  
351   3148 26 613  
352   3149 27 612 Nabopolassar and Cyaxares destroyed Nineveh ending the Assyrian Empire
353   3150 28 611  
354   3151 29 610 Pharoah Nechoh II rules Egypt (610-595 BC) for 15 years
355   3152 30 609  
356 II Kings 23:31-33 3153 31 Jehoahaz, 23 years old, reigned 3 months and taken to Egypt by Pharoah Nechoh Eliakim reigns. 608 Nebuchadnezzar fights the Assyrians and its this battle that Josiah is killed in Megiddo by Pharoah Nechoh (II Kings 23:29).
357 II Kings 23:34-37 3154 1 Eliakim rules (Jehoiakim 25 years old and reigned 11 years) 607  
358   3155 2 606  
359 Nebuchadnezzar's accession year. Daniel 1:1 3156 3 605

 

360

Nebuchadnezzar begins his reign that we count as year 1 because he was Babylonian and they do NOT count the accession year as year 1.

Nebuchadnezzar takes Daniel and others taken to Babylon after his father's death to become king of Babylon, II Kings 24:12

3157 4 Jeremiah 25:1-3 says this is the 23rd year from Josiah's 13th year, which was Nebuchadnezzar's 1st year and Jehoiakim's 4th year. 604

Jeremiah 46:2 states that Nebuchadnezzar defeated Pharoah Necho at the battle of Carchemish in Jehoiakim's 4th year. Then hears of his father's death and becomes ruler of Babylon but takes many Jews with him back to Babylon.

Nebuchadnezzar (ruled 43 years) 604-562

361 2 3158 5 603 Jeremiah 36:9 says Jehoiakim calls for a fast in the 9th month of his 5th year, but after Jeremiah's scroll is read, the king burned the scroll and saught after Jeremiah.
362 3 3159 6 602  
363 4 3160 7 601  
364 5 3161 8 600  
365 6 II Kings 24:1-5 3162 9 Jehoiakim becomes Nebuchadnezzar's servant 599  
366 7 3163 10 598 Nebuchadnezzar took 3023 people to Babylon Jeremiah 52:28 in the 7th year
367 8 II Kings 24:6-8, the 1st deportation to Babylon, 8th year of Nebuchadnezzar's reign. All princes and nobles when to Babylon (Daniel and Ezekiel are already in Babylon at this time), men of war, craftsmen, leaving only the poorest and 10,000 captives went up. 3164 11 Jehoiachin, 18 years old, reigned only 3 months 10 days and taken to Babylon. Zedekiah also called Mattaniah, Jehoiachin's uncle, is made king in his sted 597  
368 9 3165 2 596 Pharoah Nechoh dies and this is the accession year of Pharoah Psammetichus but because of Nebuchadnezzar, Pharoah came not again any more to Israel, II Kings 24:7.
369 10 3166 3 595 Pharoah Psammetichus II rules Egypt for 6 years (595-589 BC)
370 11 3167 4 594  
371 12 Ezekiel beings being a prophet (Ezekiel 1:1-2) Tammuz 5 3168 5 593 30th year from what??? Maybe Ezekial's age, In the fifth day of the month, which was the fifth year of king Jehoiachin's captivity.
372 13 3169 6 592  
373 14 3170 7 591  
374 15 3171 8 590  
375 16 II Kings 25:1 (for the rebellion of Zedekiah) 3172 9 10th day 10th month Nebuchadnezzar came back, Jerusalem beseiged until the 11th year. 589 Pharaoh Apries (Hophra) rules Egypt for 19 years (589-570 BC)
376 17 Jeremiah 27:6-7 promises that Jerusalem will serve Nebuchadnezzar from him to his grand son, which was Baltasar (son of the daughter of Nebuchadnezzar.) 3173 10 588  
377

18 II Kings 25:8-10 "...in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which is the **nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon..."

** Zedekiah's 11th year and Nebuchadnezzar's 19th is also his 18th because Nebuchadnezzar's anniversary had taken place. Nebuchadnezzar took the throne in May/June and 9 AV 3174 was July 29th, 587 BC so both 2nd Kings and Jeremiah agree. (See the study on the amazing events that happened to Israel on 9 Av of various years.)

3174

11 9th day 4th month famine prevailed.

The end of the kings in Judah until Zerrubabel.

Note: The temple is destroyed on 9 Av 3174 (29 July 587 BC) and the 2nd temple was destoryed on the same day 656 years apart on 9 Av, 3830 (4 August 70 AD)

587

Nebuchadnezzar burned the temple 11th year of Zedekiah and took the remnant to Babylon. Jeremiah 44:30 states that God gave Pharaoh Hophra and Zedekiah to Nebuchadnezzar.

** Jeremiah 52:29 says in 18th year of Nebuchadnezzar (his 18th year was Zedekiah's 11th year), he took 832 people to Babylon.

Ezekiel 26:1 prophecy's against Tyrus via Nebuchadnezzar (11th year, 1st day of the month - but the month isn't given, but possibly Tishri.)

378 19** 3175   586  
379 20 3176   585  
380 21 3177   584  
381 22 3178   583  
382 23 3179   582 Jeremiah 52:30 says in Nebuchadnezzar's 23rd year he takes 745 people to Babylon for a total of 4600.
383 24 3180   581  
384 25 3181   580  
385 26 3182   579  
386 27 3183   578  
387 28 3184   577  
388 29 3185   576  
389 30 3186   575  
390 31 3187   574  
391 32 Ezekiel 40:1 3188 25th year of Captivity of Johoiachin, temple destroyed 14 years 573  
392 33 3189   572  
393 34 3190   571  
394 35 3191   570 Pharoah Amasis rules Egypt for 44 years (570-526 BC)
395 36 3192   569  
396 37 3193   568 VAT 4956 with it's data on celestial positions pinpoint the 37th year of Neubchadnezzar to 568 BC.
397 38 3194   567  
398 39 3195   566  
399 40 3196   565  
400 41 3197   564  
401 42 3198   563  
402 43 Nebuchadnezzar dies, Evilmerodach reigns, asseccion year. 3199   562  
403 1 II Kings 25:27-30 3200 Jehoiachin is released from prison by Evil-merodach in the 37th year of his captivity on Adar 27th day @ 55 years old having been taken in the month Sivan 561 Evil-merodach (rules 2 years) 561-560 BC Jehoiachin's 37th year of prison.
404 2 Neriglissar's Asseccion year 3201   560  
405 1 3202   559 BC Neriglissar (rules 4 years) 559-556, Cyrus becomes King of Persia
407 2 3203   558  
408 3 3204   557  
409 4 Accession year(!) 3205   556 Labashi-Marduk rules 3 or 9 months, but year is accounted to him.
410 Accession year 3206   555

Nabonidus rules for 17 years (555-538)

(Baltasar is his son and regent, and grandson of Nebuchadnezzar. Nabonidus married Nitocris the daughter of Nebuchadnezzar, Jeremiah 27:6-7)

411 1 3207   554  
412 2 3208   553  
413 3 3209   552  
414 4 3210   551  
415 5 3211   550  
416 6 3212   549  
417 7 3213   548  
418 8 3214   547  
419 9 3215   546  
420 10 3216   545  
421 11 3217   544  
422 12 3218   543  
423 13 3219   542  
424 14 3220   541  
425 15 3221   540  
426 16 3222   539 In Daniel 5, Belshazzar promised to make Daniel the 3rd ruler. Why 3rd? Because he was co-regent with Nabonidus making Belshazzar 2nd king, Genesis 41:39-43.
427 17 Cyrus the Persian took Babylon at 62 Daniel 5:30-31, this is his accession year for Babylon. Jeremiah 27:6-7 fulfilled. 3223

Ezra 2:64-70 42,360 and 7,337 servants returned from Babylon

(50th year since the desctruction of the Temple.)

538 Cyrus comes and takes over Babylon and rules 9 years (538 - 529 BC) Ezra 1:1 All of Israel can return to build the house of God, 49 years after the destruction of the temple.
428 1 Their 2nd year of freedom Jeshua (Yeshua in hebrew - Jesus in English) set about to rebuild the temple! Jeshua was head of the ninth priestly order (Ezra 2:36); called also Jeshuah (I Chronicles 24:11). A Levite appointed by Hezekiah to distribute offerings in the priestly cities (II Chronicles 31:15). The son of Jozadak, and high priest of the Jews under Zerubbabel (Nehemiah 7:7; Nehemiah 12:1, Nehemiah 12:7, Nehemiah 12:10, Nehemiah 12:26) 3224 From 1 Tishri on they offered burnt offerings and freewill offerings to the Lord. 537

Ezra 3 says they built up an alter to God in the 7th month and kept the Feast of Tabernacles - odd that this is the first feast kept, Jesus' earthly birthday.

Ezra 3:12 says that after the foundation was set, many that remember Solomon's temple wept bitterly (supposedly because it was smaller?) This also shows that the length of time wasn't 70 years from destruction to rebuilding of the temple because if they were children during Solomon's temple they would not have gotten so emotional, but 60 or 70 year old men would, being 20-30 when captured.

429 2 3225   536  
430 3 3226   535  
431 4 3227   534  
432 5 3228   533  
433 6 3229   532  
434 7 3230   531  
435 8 3231   530  
436 9 Cambyses reigned (Son of Cyrus) This is his accession year. 3232   529 Cambyses (rules 8 years) 529-521 BC
437 1 3233   528  
438 2 3234   527  
439 3 3235   526 Pharoah Psammetichus III rules Egypt 1 year and is defeated by Cambyses
440 4 3236   525 Cambyses defeats Egypt May-June 525 BC
441 5 3237   524  
442 6 3238   523  
443 7 3239   522  
444 8 Accession 3240   521 Darius rules (rules 36 years) 521 - 485 BC
445 1 3241   520 In Darius' first year, Daniel understood the number of years of imprisonment to be 70 years and the next year was the 70th year. Daniel 9:2
446 2 Elul 1 came the word of the Lord to Haggai, Kislev 24 the foundation is complete and God says remember this day Haggai 2:10-18 3242

70 years (see comments below) from Destruction of Temple 24 Shevat Zechariah had a wonderful vision from the Lord.

Zechariah 1:12-17 Av (9th month) was the end of the 69th year and they were talking in the 11th month, the beginning of the 70th year.

519

Haggai 1:13-14 in the 2nd year of Darius they were "fired up" by Haggai to continuing rebuilding the temple. Haggai 2 asks if anyone is left that remembers the former glory of Solomon's Temple.

Zecheriah, in the 11th month (Shevat) on the 24th day he received the word of the Lord and saw a vision of angels and the Lord Himself. The Lord was angry that the heathen were at peace with His temple in ruins. The very fact that the Lord Himself brings up this point and the fact that 70 years is specifically mentioned shows that the "70 years" started at the destruction of the place His name dwells until this year, the 2nd year of Darius. II Samuel 7:13, I Kings 5:5, I Kings 8:16-22, I Kings 9:3-10

447 3 3243   518  
448 4 3244   517  
449 5 3245   516  
450 6 3246   515 Ezra 6:15 "And this house was finished on the third day of the month Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius the king."
451 7 3247   514  
452 8 3248   513  
453 9 3249   512  
454 10 3250   511  
455 11 3251   510  
456 12 3252   509  
457 13 3253   508  
458 14 3254   507  
459 15 3255   506  
460 16 3256   505  
461 17 3257   504  
462 18 3258   503  
463 19 3259   502  
464 20 3260   501  
465 21 3261   500 Darius' 21st year of reign according to archeologists
466 22 3262   499  
467 23 3263   498  
468 24 3264   497  
469 25 3265   496  
470 26 3266   495  
471 27 3267   494  
472 28 3268   493  
473 29 3269   492  
474 30 3270   491  
475 31 3271   490  
476 32 3272   489  
477 33 3273   488  
478 34 3274   487  
479 35 3275   486  
480 36 Accession year 3276   485 Xerxes (rules 21 years) 485 - 464 BC
481 1 3277   484  
482 2 3278   483  
483 3 3279   482 Xerxes' 3rd year of reign according to archeologists
484 4 3280   481  
485 5 3281   480  
486 6 3282   479  
487 7 3283   478  
488 8 3284   477  
489 9 3285   476  
490 10 3286   475  
491 11 3287   474  
492 12 3288   473  
493 13 3289   472  
494 14 3290   471  
495 15 3291   470  
496 16 3292   469  
497 17 3293   468  
498 18 3294   467  
499 19 3295   466  
500 20 3296   465  
501 21 Artaxerxes' accession year. 3297   464 Xerxes' 21st year of reign according to archeologists
502 1 3298   463 Artaxerxes begins to rule reigned 464 - 424 BC
503 2 3299   462  
504 3 3300   461  
505 4 3301   460  
506 5 3302   459  
507 6 3303   458  
508 7 3304 In 483 years and 13 days, Jesus is "cut off" in the Jewish year 3787. 457

Order given to Ezra to rebuild the city and establish a government, this is the year of the fulfillment of Daniel's prophecy and the start of that same prophecy concerning the Messiah, Daniel 9:25-27.

(1 Nisan 3304 - Mar 26, 457BC)

509 8 3305   456  
510 9 3306   455  
511 10 3307   454  
512 11 3308   453  
513 12 3309   452  
514 13 3310   451  
515 14 3311   450  
516 15 3312   449  
517 16 3313   448  
518 17 3314   447  
519 18 3315   446  
520 19 3316   445  
521 20 3317 Nehamiah free to go back to Jerusalem to continue the rebuilding of the city and government. No more words from God until the Word comes in the flesh. 444  

Jesus
Is Lord!!


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